• Adv. Atmos. Sci.
    Locating Parent Lightning Strokes of Sprites Observed over a Mesoscale Convective System in Shandong Province, China
    Anjing HUANG1, 2, Gaopeng LU* 1, 3, 4, Hongbo ZHANG1, Feifan LIU5, Yanfeng FAN6, Baoyou ZHU5, Jing YANG1, Zhichao WANG7
    1.Key Laboratory of Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation (LAGEO), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3.Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing Univ. of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210044, China
    4.Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster of Ministry of Education, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210044, China
    5.School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China
    6.State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
    7.Atmospheric Observation Center of Beijing Meteorological Bureau, Beijing 100031, China
    Abstract
    Abstract  In this paper, we report the location results for the parent lightning strokes of more than 30 red sprites observed over an asymmetric mesoscale convective system (MCS) on 30 July 2015 in Shandong Province, China, with a long-baseline lightning location network of very-low-frequency/low-frequency magnetic field sensors. The results show that almost all of these cloud-to-ground (CG) strokes are produced during the mature stage of the MCS, and are predominantly located in the trailing stratiform region, which is similar to analyses of sprite-productive MCSs in North America and Europe. Comparison between the location results for the sprite-producing CG strokes and those provided by the World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) indicates that the location accuracy of WWLLN for intense CG strokes in Shandong Province is typically within 10 km, which is consistent with the result based on analysis of 2838 sprite-producing CG strokes in the continental United States. Also, we analyze two cases where some minor lightning discharges in the parent flash of sprites can also be located, providing an approach to confine the thundercloud region tapped by the sprite-producing CG strokes.
    Corresponding Authors: Gaopeng Lu   
    Just Accepted Date: 13 June 2018  
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    Anjing HUANG
    Gaopeng LU
    Hongbo ZHANG
    Feifan LIU
    Yanfeng FAN
    Baoyou ZHU
    Jing YANG
    Zhichao WANG
    Cite this article:   
    Anjing HUANG,Gaopeng LU,Hongbo ZHANG, et al. Locating Parent Lightning Strokes of Sprites Observed over a Mesoscale Convective System in Shandong Province, China[J]. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 13 June 2018. [Epub ahead of print] doi: 10.1007/s00376-018-7306-4.
    URL:  
    http://159.226.119.58/aas/EN/10.1007/s00376-018-7306-4     OR     
    http://159.226.119.58/aas/EN/Y0/V/I/702
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