• Adv. Atmos. Sci.  2015, Vol. 32 Issue (9): 1277-1290    DOI: 10.1007/s00376-015-4234-4
    Classification of Precipitation Types Using Fall Velocity-Diameter Relationships from 2D-Video Distrometer Measurements
    Jeong-Eun LEE1,Sung-Hwa JUNG1,2,Hong-Mok PARK2,Soohyun KWON1,Pay-Liam LIN3,GyuWon LEE1,2()
    1Department of Astronomy and Atmospheric Sciences, Research and Training Team for Future Creative Astrophysicists and Cosmologists, Kyungpook National University, Korea
    2Center for Atmospheric Remote Sensing, Kyungpook National University, Korea
    3Departmentof Atmospheric Sciences, NCU, Taipei

    Fall velocity-diameter relationships for four different snowflake types (dendrite, plate, needle, and graupel) were investigated in northeastern South Korea, and a new algorithm for classifying hydrometeors is proposed for distrometric measurements based on the new relationships. Falling ice crystals (approximately 40 000 particles) were measured with a two-dimensional video disdrometer (2DVD) during a winter experiment from 15 January to 9 April 2010. The fall velocity-diameter relationships were derived for the four types of snowflakes based on manual classification by experts using snow photos and 2DVD measurements: the coefficients (exponents) for different snowflake types were 0.82 (0.24) for dendrite, 0.74 (0.35) for plate, 1.03 (0.71) for needle, and 1.30 (0.94) for graupel, respectively. These new relationships established in the present study (PS) were compared with those from two previous studies. Hydrometeor types were classified with the derived fall velocity-diameter relationships, and the classification algorithm was evaluated using 3× 3 contingency tables for one rain-snow transition event and three snowfall events. The algorithm showed good performance for the transition event: the critical success indices (CSIs) were 0.89, 0.61 and 0.71 for snow, wet-snow and rain, respectively. For snow events, the algorithm performance for dendrite and plate (CSIs = 1.0 and 1.0, respectively) was better than for needle and graupel (CSIs = 0.67 and 0.50, respectively).

    Keywords snowflake types      wet snow      fall velocity-diameter      hydrometeor type classification      2DVD     
    Issue Date: 26 March 2015
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    Jeong-Eun LEE
    Sung-Hwa JUNG
    Hong-Mok PARK
    Soohyun KWON
    Pay-Liam LIN
    GyuWon LEE
    Cite this article:   
    Jeong-Eun LEE,Sung-Hwa JUNG,Hong-Mok PARK, et al. Classification of Precipitation Types Using Fall Velocity-Diameter Relationships from 2D-Video Distrometer Measurements[J]. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 2015, 32(9): 1277 -1290 .
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